There was a point in time where children would go and see federal judges just like adults did. Juvenile justice is the area of criminal law applicable to people who are not of the age of 18 yet. The main goal of the juvenile justice system is rehabilitation rather than punishment, to help minors get back on their feet. Some of these methods are not very effective and result in the same children committing the same crimes. We need to have a reform to this system, we need to allow for children to be changed from their bad behaviors so that when they are adults, we will have less crime rate.
Inmates, both adults, and children would be held in the same places and their punishments were the same. This would leave children completely ruined for the rest of their lives; something needed to change. This new court system was rooted in the belief that children have a greater capacity to be reformed than adults. Illinois authorized the Juvenile Court Act, which established a court in 1899 just for youths. The new court system was rooted in the belief that children have a greater capacity to be reformed than adults. Advocates of a juvenile court system believed that children needed to be protected and corrected, not necessarily punished. It took 25 years to come up with standards and a real sense of how the courts would function. By the end of the 20th century, the juvenile system became more punitive. the Department of Juvenile Services was renamed the Department of Juvenile Justice in 1995 to make a stand on how crime is not okay. A lot of these facilities today are not doing a good enough job to stop the rate of crime with youths.
It’s far too simple to go after teenagers for sex and drug “crimes” with the justification that they are somehow both innocent children and also monstrous adults. The courts establish that the juveniles are not liable for their delinquent actions because of their surrounding situation. This I believe is the major problem with the juvenile justice system; I think that even though most of the situations kids commit crimes for, whether it be a lack of care at home, or abuse, or any other situation, minors do realize that they are breaking the law and making unwise situations. We should build a stronger system that says no to crime. Yes, the children are in a bad situation, but they could just as easily bring law enforcement into things and they will help them out.
Change takes time, effort and support. And the issue with restorative justice may not be the practice itself; rather, this kind of process needs engagement from the community in order for restoration to take place. To prevent teens from committing more crimes, we need to establish more control in the homes of these families that are less fortunate and feel the need to resort to crime to get ahead. We can do this by having an active neighborhood watch, for teens to have access to a service which allows them to go and get help without their parents or anyone knowing so that they are comfortable. After we secure those families, we need to set more restrictions on Juvenile centers for delinquents. By enforcing more rules, to make their experiences at correction centers more like jail, I believe that they will learn more about themselves and learn their lesson and take their punishment more seriously.
“Juvenile Law Center.” Youth in the Justice System: An Overview | Juvenile Law Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2017. <http://jlc.org/news-room/media-resources/youth-justice-system-overview>.
Getlen, Larry. “Corrupt ‘Kids for Cash’ Judge Ruined More than 2,000 Lives.” New York Post. N.p., 23 Feb. 2014. Web. 03 May 2017. <http://nypost.com/2014/02/23/film-details-teens-struggles-in-state-detention-in-payoff-scandal/>.
“Activists Push for Juvenile Justice System Reforms.” Al Jazeera America. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2017. <http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/1/6/juvenile-detentioncentershold70000youth.html>.